Backyard Wing Tsun Curriculum

Our curriculum at the Wing Tsun Backyard is based on a 3-month training period in order to advance to the next Student Grade (S.G.). Testing will occur during our four seminars each year.

First Student Grade (“SG-1”): 

A.      Classical Curriculum:

·         Setting up the WT stance

·         First three sets of “Siu Nim Tao” (“SNT” or “Little Idea”) form

·         Simple defenses to straight line attacks to abdomen, chest and head

·         Hand freeing exercises & follow-up attacks

·         Stance shifting (“turning”)

·         Straight line advancing steps

·         “Crab” (sideways) steps

·         Stepping with directional changes

·         Pursuing steps

·         “Arrow” step & retreating steps

·         All footwork (turning and stepping) with chain punches

·         Simple leg defenses (against kicks to legs)


B.      “Lat Sau” (Free-Hand Fighting):  (Theme: Long Distance Straight-Line Attacks)

·         Defending long-range attacks to legs, body and head

·         Application of lower-level kicking defenses and simultaneous counter attacks

·         “Covering” opponent’s arms while kicking/countering

·         Simple arm trapping and counter-trapping (with  and without follow-ups)

·         Retreating and pursuing with continuous attacks

·         Begin to apply constant “forward pressure”

·         Begin to “absorb” and deflect powerful attacks (instead of resisting with unnecessary force/stiffness)

·         Proper distancing

·         Defense against grappling attacks


C.      Theory:

·         Forward energy

·         Triangular structure

·         The “Four Principles” of WT combat

·         Class etiquette and Chinese names for family relationships



2nd Student Grade (“SG-2”): 

A.      Classical Curriculum:

·         Sets 4 thru 8 of SNT Form (complete)

·         Execute all defensive movements from SNT Form with punches and chain punches

·         The “universal solution” (works against almost all types of attacks!)

·         Focus mitt drills

·         Defending punches with punches

·         Light contact free-fighting with chain punches, only (and footwork, of course)

·         Simultaneous defense and attack with footwork (all movements from SNT Form)

·         Offlining


B.      Lat Sau Program 2: (Theme: Middle distance lower-level straight-line attacks)

·         Defending lower-level attacks from middle distance

·         Changing from left to right and back using leg attacks, only

·         Simple “leg sticking” exercises (sweeps and counters)

·         Combine movements and concepts from both Lat Sao 1 and 2

·         Off-lining against powerful and deep attacks

·         Defense against grappling attacks


C.      Theory:

·         The concept of “sticking”

·         Simultaneousness of defense and attack

·         “Compass-man” principle

·         Attacking to defend

·         The “wedge principle”

Third Student Program (“S.G.3”)

A.      Classical Curriculum:

·         Simple single-arm “sticking hands” exercises (no footwork)

·         First quarter of “Chum Kiu” (Seeking the Bridge) Form

·         “Falling-Leaf” step and applications


B.      Lat Sao Program 3: (Theme:  Middle-distance ag. circular attacks from inside)

·         Defense against “JKD style” backfist attacks

·         Defense against follow-ups from there (continuous attacks with arm-pulling/punching combos)

·         Using footwork to dissolve excessive forward pressure

·         Continuous-loop attacks and defenses

·         Combining Lat Sao programs 1, 2, and 3

·         Defense against round and straight kicks to mid-level (abdomen, rib cage)

·         Defense against grappling attacks

·         Medium-contact free-fighting with headgear



C.      Theory:

·         Using straight line to defend against round attacks (and vice-versa)

·         Know and understand all SNT-related Wing Tsun “mottoes”


Fourth Student Program (“S.G.4”):

A.      Classical Curriculum:

·         Complete Chum Kiu Form

·         Single and pair drills using all techniques from Chum Kiu

·         Single-arm “sticking hands” (Chi Sao) with directional and positional changes, mid, high, and low-level attacks, and footwork (stepping and turning)

·         Breaking down the Lat Sao drills into components and practicing them in pair drill situations


B.      Lat Sao Program 4: (Theme: Middle-distance against circular attacks from outside)

·         Defense against circular attacks from outside the body perimeter (i.e., ‘haymakers’ and wide open backfist attacks)

·         Defense against high-level kicks from other styles

·         Continuous impulse-response drills (“Luk Sao”)

·         Simultaneous defense and counter combos using the “sticking” principle

·         Combine all four Lat Sao programs

·         Defense against grappling attacks

·         Full-contact free-fighting with headgear


C.      Theory:

·         The “four directions” of hand attacks (inside to inside, inside to outside, outside to inside, and outside to outside)

·         History of Wing Tsun from Ng Mui to Yip Man


Fifth Student Program (“S.G.5”):

A.      Classical Curriculum:

·         Beginning double arm Chi Sao (“Poon Sao”) with defenses to simple attacks and directional/positional changes

·         “Suppressing hand/attack” (Lap-Da) exercises

·         Begin freely applying “sticking”, “flowing”, and “forward-pressure”  tactics

·         Figure 8 SNT


B.      Lat Sao Program 5: (Theme: Close-distance to ground-fighting distance)

·         Using and defending against knee and elbow attacks (close range)

·         Using and defending against grappling, throwing, and ground fighting attacks

·         Finishing techniques

·         Combine all five Lat Sao programs

·         Full-contact free-fighting with head gear, elbow pads, and body protectors


C.      Theory:

·         History of Wing Tsun from GGM Yip Man forward

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